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Dentists in Europe

Evaluation of Different Aspects and Types of Existing Rules and Regulations of the Dental Profession in European States


This project explores several aspects of regulation of the dental profession in the European member states and other European states (e.g. Switzerland, Iceland). It is part of an important study about regulations and their effects on markets.

In order to collect and compile the types of existing rules and regulations of the dental profession in the European member states, we conducted a postal survey. Topics of the questionnaire were different aspects of regulations like qualification and vocational training of dentists, specialisation, requirements to practice as a dentist, professional conduct and remuneration. Based on the survey results, we will analyse the sources of law and the existing types of rules and regulations in order to get a deeper understanding of the regulatory systems of the dental profession in the European states.


The Survey:

The survey is addressed to legal experts involved in the topic of regulation in ministries of health (or social affairs), state bodies like supervision authorities, dental councils, dental chambers and professional associations.


Term of the project:


02/2013 - 04/2013Development of the questionnaire
05/2013Pretest of the questionnaire
11/06/2013 - 11/11/2013Implementation of the survey (post only)
12/2013 - 12/2014Analysis of the data and publication of the results


Response rate (22 November 2013):

Experts of all included countries (except for Portugal and Romania) completed and returned the questionnaires. 

Response-rate (country-related):  93,75 %
Included countries:  EU Member States, Monaco, Iceland, Norway and Switzerland (N = 32).


Anne Schäfer, M.A.